Nobel Prizes in Literature

  (List, not checked)

 

1901
R. F. A. Sulley Prudhomme (France)
1902
Th. Mommsen (Germany)
1903
B. Bjørnson (Norway)
1904
J. Echegaray (Spain)
F. Mistral (France)
1905
H. Sienkiewicz (Poland)
1906
G. Carducci (Italy)
1907
R. Kipling (United Kingdom)
1908
R. Eucken (Germany)
1909
S. Lagerlöf (Sweden)
1910
P. Heyse (Germany)
1911
M. Maeterlinck (Belgium)
1912
G. Hauptmann (Germany)
1913
R. Tagore (India)
1914 -
1915
R. Rolland (France)
1916
V. v. Heidenstam (Sweden)
1917
K. Gjellerup (Denmark)
H. Pontoppidan (Denmark)
1918 -
1919
C. Spitteler (Switzerland)
1920
K. Hamsun (Norway)
1921
A. France (J. A. Thibault) (France)
1922
J. Benavente (Spain)
1923
W.B. Yeats (Ireland)
1924
W. Reymont (Poland)
1925
G.B. Shaw (United Kingdom)
1926
Grazia Deledda (Italy)
1927
H. Bergson (France)
1928
Sigrid Undset (Norway)
1929
Th. Mann (Germany)
1930
S. Lewis (USA)
1931
E. A. Karlfeldt (Sweden)
1932
J. Galsworthy (United Kingdom)
1933
I. A. Bunin (France, Russia)
1934
L. Pirandello (Italy)
1935 -
1936
E. O'Neill (USA)
1937
R. Martin du Gard (France)
1938
Pearl S. Buck (USA)
1939
F. E. Sillanpää (Finnland)
1940 -
1941 -
1942 -
1943 -
1944
Johannes V. Jensen (Denmark)
1945
Gabriela Mistral (L. Godoy y Alcayaga) (Chile)
1946
Hermann Hesse (Switzerland, Germany)
1947
A. Gide (France)
1948
T.S. Eliot (United Kingdom, USA)
1949
W. Faulkner (USA)
1950
Lord B. A. W. Russell (United Kingdom)
1951
P. Lagerkvist (Sweden)
1952
F. Mauriac (France)
1953
Sir W. Churchill (United Kingdom)
1954
E. Hemingway (USA)
1955
H.K. Laxness (Island)
1956
J. R. Jiménez (Spain)
1957
A. Camus (France)
1958
B. Pasternak (Soviet Union)
1959
S. Quasimodo (Italy)
1960
Saint-John Perse (A. Léger) (France)
1961
I. Andric (Yugoslavia)
1962
J. Steinbeck (USA)
1963
G. Seferis (Greece)
1964
J.-P. Sartre (France)
1965
M. Sholokhov (Soviet Union)
1966
S.J. Agnon (Israel, Austria)
N. Sachs (Sweden, Germany)
1967
M.A. Asturias (Guatemala)
1968
Y. Kawabata (Japan)
1969
S. Beckett (Ireland)
1970
A. Solzhenitsyn (Soviet Union)
1971
P. Neruda (Chile)
1972
H. Böll (Germany)
1973
P. White (Australien)
1974
E. Johnson (Sweden)
H. Martinson (Sweden)
1975
E. Montale (Italy)
1976
S. Bellow (USA)
1977
V. Aleixandre (Spain)
1978
I. B. Singer (USA)
1979
O. Elytis (Greece)
1980
C. Milosz (Poland)
1981
E. Canetti (United Kingdom, Bulgaria)
1982
G. García Marquez (Colombia)
1983
W. G. Golding (United Kingdom)
1984
J. Seifert (Czechoslovakia)
1985
Cl. Simon (France)
1986
W. Soyinka (Nigeria)
1987
J. Brodsky (USA)
1988
N. Mahfuz (Egypt)
1989
C. J. Cela (Spain)
1990
Octavio Paz (Mexico)
1991
Nadine Gordimer (South Africa)
1992
Derek Walcott (Saint Lucia, *1930-01-23)
1993
Toni Morrison (USA, *1931-02-18)
1994
Kenzaburo Oe (Japan)
1995
Seamus Heaney (Ireland, *1939-04-13)
for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past
1996
Wislawa Szymborska (Poland, *1923-07-02)
for "poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"
1997
Dario Fo (Italy, *1926)
dramatist and actor, one of the leading figures in modern farce and political drama, "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden"
1998
José Saramago (Portugal, *1922)
a writer of prose, from a working-class background, "who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality"
1999
Günter Grass (Germany, *1927-10-16)
"Whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history"; 1959 first novel: "The Tin Drum"
2000
Gao Xingjian (China/France, *1940)
"for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama"
2001
Sir V.S. Naipaul (United Kingdom, *1932)
"for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories"
2002
Imre Kertész (Hungary, *1929)
"for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"
2003
John Maxwell Coetzee (South Africa, *1940)
"who in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider"
2004
Elfriede Jelinek (Austria, *1946)
"for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"
2005
Harold Pinter (United Kingdom, *1930)
"who in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms"
2006
Orhan Pamuk (Turkey, *1952)
"who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures"
2007
Doris Lessing (United Kingdom, 1919-10-22 - 2013-11-17)
"that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilization to scrutiny"
2008
Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio (France and Mauritius, *1940)
"author of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization"
2009
Herta Müller (Germany, *1953 in Romania)
"who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"
2010
Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru, *1936)
"for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat"
2011
Tomas Tranströmer (Sweden, *1931)
"because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality"
2012
Mo Yan (China, *1955)
"who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary"
2013
Alice Munro (Canada, *1931)
"master of the contemporary short story"
2014
Patrick Modiano (France, *1945)
"for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation"
2015
Svetlana Alexievich (Ukraine, Belarus, *1948)
"for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time"
2016
Bob Dylan (USA, *1941)
"for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition"
2017
Kazuo Ishiguro (Japan, United Kingdom, *1954)
"who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world".
2018
Olga Tokarczuk (Poland, *1962)
"for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life"
2019
Peter Handke (Austria, France, *1942)
"for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience"

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Burkhard Kirste, 2020-02-04