display, ImageMagick

Programmname:
display animate montage import combine convert mogrify identify
Kurzbeschreibung:
ImageMagick ist ein X11-Paket zur Anzeige und zur interaktiven Manipulation von Bildern. Das Paket enthält Werkzeuge zur Bildkonversion, Annotation, Zusammensetzung, Animation und für Montagen.
Version:
3.7.5
Voraussetzungen:
X11
Aufruf:
(z.B.:) display &
Information:
HTML-Seiten: display, animate, montage, import, combine, convert, mogrify, identify, quantize, miff, formats; README, ImageMagick Frequently Asked Questions, Changelog, ImageMagick.
man pages, z.T. Menüsteuerung (display). ImageMagick, display, animate, montage, import, combine, convert, mogrify, identify, quantize, miff.
Ansprechpartner:
Burkhard Kirste
Bemerkungen:
Das Programmpaket ist jetzt sehr leistungsfähig geworden, es bietet eine Alternative z.B. zu xv
Zusatzinformationen:
display: die linke Maustaste liefert ein Kommando-Menü, die mittlere Maustaste liefert eine Ausschnittvergrößerung, die rechte ein Kurzmenü (Short Cuts)
animate-Beispiel:
animate /software/magick/scenes/dna.miff.* &
Der Aufruf von URLs funktioniert z.Zt. nicht.

Aus dem "Readme" der alten Version 2.3.6

ImageMagick is an X11 package for display and interactive manipulation of images. The package includes tools for image conversion, annotation, compositing, animation, and creating montages. ImageMagick can read and write many of the more popular image formats (e.g. JPEG, TIFF, PNM, etc.).

Display

Display is a machine architecture independent image processing and display program. It can display an image on any workstation display running an X server. Display first determines the hardware capabilities of the workstation. If the number of unique colors in the image is less than or equal to the number the workstation can support, the image is displayed in an X window. Otherwise the number of colors in the image is first reduced to match the color resolution of the workstation before it is displayed.

This means that a continuous-tone 24 bits/pixel image can display on a 8 bit pseudo-color device or monochrome device. In most instances the reduced color image closely resembles the original. Alternatively, a monochrome or pseudo-color image can display on a continuous-tone 24 bits/pixels device.

Import

Import reads an image from any visible window on an X server and outputs it as an image file. You can capture a single window, the entire screen, or any rectangular portion of the screen. You can use display (see display(1)) utility for redisplay, printing, editing, formatting, archiving, image processing, etc. of the captured image.

The target window can be specified by id, name, or may be selected by clicking the mouse in the desired window. If you press a button and then drag, a rectangle will form which expands and contracts as the mouse moves. To save the portion of the screen defined by the rectangle, just release the button. The keyboard bell is rung once at the beginning of the screen capture and twice when it completes.

Animate

Animate displays a sequence of images on any workstation display running an X server. Animate first determines the hardware capabilities of the workstation. If the number of unique colors in an image is less than or equal to the number the workstation can support, the image is displayed in an X window. Otherwise the number of colors in the image is first reduced to match the color resolution of the workstation before it is displayed.

This means that a continuous-tone 24 bits/pixel image can display on a 8 bit pseudo-color device or monochrome device. In most instances the reduced color image closely resembles the original. Alternatively, a monochrome or pseudo-color image sequence can display on a continuous-tone 24 bits/pixels device.

Montage

Montage creates a composite image by combining several separate images. The images are tiled on the composite image with the name of the image optionally appearing just below the individual tile.

Mogrify

Mogrify transforms an image or a sequence of images. These transforms include image scaling, image rotation, color reduction, and others. The transmogrified image overwrites the original image.

Convert

Convert converts an input file using one image format to an output file with a differing image format. By default, the image format is determined by it's magic number. To specify a particular image format, precede the filename with an image format name and a colon (i.e. ps:image) or specify the image type as the filename suffix (i.e. image.ps). Specify file as - for standard input or output. If file has the extension .Z, the file is decoded with uncompress. Convert recognizes the following image formats:

       Tag       Description
       ----------------------------------------------------
       ALPHA     Raw alpha bytes
       AVS       AVS X image file
       BMP       Microsoft Windows bitmap image file
       CMYK      Raw cyan, magenta, yellow, and black bytes
       EPS       Adobe Encapsulated Postscript
       FAX       Group 3
       FITS      Flexible Image Transport System
       GIF       Compuserve Graphics image file
       GRAY      Raw gray bytes
       JPEG
       MIFF      Magick image file format
       MTV
       PCX       ZSoft IBM PC Paintbrush file
       PICT      Apple Macintosh QuickDraw/PICT file
       PNM       Portable bitmap
       PS        Adobe PostScript file
       PS2       Adobe PostScript Level II file
       RGB       Raw red, green, and blue bytes
       RLE       Utah Raster Toolkit
       SUN       SUN raster
       TGA       Truevision Targa image file
       TEXT      raw text file;  read only
       TIFF      Tagged Image File Format
       VICAR
       VIFF      Khoros Visualization image file.
       X         select image from X server screen
       XC        constant image of X server background color
       XBM       X11 bitmap
       XPM       X11 pixmap
       XWD       X11 window dump
       YUV       Raw Y, U, and V bytes

Combine

Combine combines images to create new images.


Burkhard Kirste, 1994/01/14, 1996/08/10